In the 18th century the discovering of new populations in America, Polynesia, Africa, because of the explorers’ travels around the world, brought around a new vision of the human being. They found whole populations organised in a very different way than the Europeans, with no royal absolutism, without inequalities, without religious intolerance, without excessive ambitions of profits. The “myth of the Noble Savage” showed up in the scenario, as a pure being in contact with Nature, not contaminated by modern society.
Then the whole structure of European society, based on a system ruled by the Church and the Kingdom, was debated and all its rules and moral concepts, considered until that time as absolutes, were seriously discussed and criticised.
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