Wednesday, 13 September 2023

Wednesday, 12 July 2023



"And so with the sunshine and the great bursts of leaves growing on the trees, just as things grow in fast movies, I had that familiar conviction that life was beginning over again with the summer."

F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby

Wednesday, 7 June 2023


The Lost Generation is a term used to describe those who came of age during World War I. This term more specifically refers to a group of American writers whose works were published after that period. The term Lost Generation comes from a comment that Modernist writer Gertrude Stein made to author Ernest Hemingway.

The Lost Generation rebelled against post-World War I American materialism. Their faith in the moral ideals that had earlier given them hope was “lost”.  They found themselves disillusioned with post-war American society during the 1920s, often settling in Paris where they pursued more artistically liberated lifestyles.

In literature, the "Lost Generation" refers to a group of writers and poets who were men and women of that period. The most famous members were Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and T. S. Eliot.

Saturday, 27 May 2023



“When you consider things like the stars, our affairs don’t seem to matter very much, do they?”

Virginia Woolf   is recognised as one of the most innovative writers of the 20th century. Perhaps best known as the author of Mrs Dalloway (1925) and To the Lighthouse (1927), she was also a prolific writer of essays, diaries, letters and biographies. Both in style and subject matter, Woolf’s work captures the fast-changing world in which she was working.

Thursday, 4 May 2023


Image result for Paul Nash: Totes Meer

The Modern Age in English literature occupied the years from shortly after the beginning of the 20th century through roughly 1965. In broad terms, the period was marked by sudden and unexpected breaks with traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world. Experimentation and individualism became virtues, whereas in the past they were often heartily discouraged. Modernism was set in motion, in one sense, through a series of cultural shocks.
Continue reading here.

Monday, 10 April 2023



The Canterbury Tales is known as the foundational English literary book of tales written in verse style by Geoffrey Chaucer. The author is famous as one of the pioneers of English poetry. The book was likely published around 1387 to 1400 when Chaucer joined the royal court. The stories, in verses, though some are in prose, present the social norms, characters, situations, and religious devotion of the pilgrims presented in them. The stories became so much popular and are considered classics across the globe.  Read here.

Friday, 31 March 2023


The spirit of adventure is alive and well in this retooling of the exploits of a legendary hero, the valiant and principled outlaw Robin Hood.  Director Kevin Reynolds and screenplay writers Pen Densham and John Watson have come up with just the right mix of action, dash, romance, and humor.

With the help of Azeem (Morgan Freeman), young nobleman Robin of Locksley (Kevin Costner) escapes from a Middle Eastern prison and makes his way home to England, where a rude surprise awaits him. His father has been murdered, King Richard is in exile, and Prince John has usurped the throne. Locally, the wicked Sheriff of Nottingham (Alan Rickman), has laid siege to the countryside. Robin gathers his merry men and fights back, pausing only for romance with the lovely, strong-willed Maid Marian (Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio).

Thursday, 2 February 2023


The Merchant of Venice is regarded as a tragic comedy.

The main character is the merchant, Antonio who fails and becomes indebted to the merciless moneylender, Shylock. Antonio’s friend Bassanio has borrowed money from Antonio in order to woo Portia, the beautiful resident of Belmont and it is the reason why Antonio has fallen prey to Shylock. The other main characters are Jessica, the daughter of Shylock, and Lorenzo and Gratiano, associates and friends of Bassanio.  Read here.

Wednesday, 1 February 2023

Tuesday, 31 January 2023


There is no contemporary English writer whose works are read so generally through the whole house, who can give pleasure to the servants as well as to the mistress, to the children as well as to the master.
Walter Bagehot

Charles Dickens, of all the Victorian novelists,  was probably the most antagonistic to the Victorian age itself.
Edmund Wilson

Monday, 30 January 2023


The plot of Shakespeare's Othello (1603) is largely taken from the Italian Giraldi Cinthio's Gli Hecatommithi (1565), a tale of love, jealousy, and betrayal; however, the characters, themes, and attitudes of the two works are vastly different, with Shakespeare's play being a more involved study of human nature and psychology. 
One reason for the overwhelming popularity of the play throughout the ages is that it focuses on two people who defied society in order to follow their own hearts. Read here.