His method was greatly influenced by the prolific explosion of Jazz, especially the genre established by and others. Later, Kerouac included ideas he developed from his James Joyce studies. He often referred to his style as "spontaneous prose." Although his prose was spontaneous and supposedly without edits, he primarily wrote based upon actual events from his life and the people with whom he interacted. An often overlooked literary influence on Kerouac was , whose work he alluded to more than any other author. Kerouac had high esteem for Joyce and he often used Joyce's stream-of-consciousness technique. He admired Joyce's experimental use of language, as seen in his novel Visions of Cody, which uses an unconventional narrative as well as a multiplicity of authorial voices.
Here you can find a PDF presentation on this controversial American novelist and his most famous book, On the Road.