Thursday, 17 October 2019
Tuesday, 15 October 2019
A play is a form of literature written intentionally for theatrical performance. Most of the parts in a play are dialogues between characters intended to be performed by actors and actresses to move the story along.
There are six main elements of drama which serve as the basis of producing a successful play. Altogether, they provide a building block by which dramatic works can be analyzed and evaluated. By knowing and using the elements of drama, the skills needed in creating a successful performance, as well as the skills required to analyze a drama, could be developed.
The followings are the elements of drama and their brief description:
Referring to the basic storyline of the play, the plot is the structure of a play which tells what happens as the story goes on. The plot structure can be divided into six stages:
- The exposition is simply an introductory part that provides the background information needed to properly understand the story.
- The inciting incident, or conflict, is the event that sets the action of the play in motion. It is what gets the story going.
- The rising action is a series of events, including complications and discoveries which create the dramatic climax of a plot.
- The climax is the turning point, or the peak, of a plot which holds an utmost emotional intensity of the play.
- The falling action is a series of events following the climax that leads to the solution of the conflicts.
- The denouement serves as the conclusion of the plot in which the conflicts are resolved. It is the ending scene of the drama.
Characters are the people, or sometimes animals, who are portrayed by the actors and actresses in the play. They are one of the main components that move the action of the play forward. Characters can be categorized into three types according to the roles they play. The main character of the play is known as the protagonist. The antagonist is the character who opposes the protagonist. The other characters are called the secondary characters. They may have a major part or a minor involvement in the drama.
The setting is the place, together with other conditions, such as time and the environment, involved in which the events occur. The setting can be presented through the visual elements which deal with the scenes, costumes and special effects used in it. The setting can also be enhanced by using sound effects and music.
The theme refers to the message that is intended to be expressed through the story. In other word, it is the main idea or the lesson to be learned from the play.
Genre is the type of play. The examples of genre in which the play can be classified include tragedy, comedy, romantic, mystery, and historical play.
Audience is a group of people who watch the play. Audience can be said to be the most important element of drama to be considered about, since it is the audience that determine whether the play is successful or not. Also, many playwrights write the plot of the play with a great concern regarding to their groups of audience rather than their own interests.
Here you can find my previous post about the basic elements of drama.
Tuesday, 8 October 2019
The or scala naturæ is a classical conception of the metaphysical order of the universe in which all beings from the most basic up to the very highest and most perfect being are hierarchically linked to form one interconnected whole. Read more here.
Friday, 27 September 2019
His six wives were, successively, Catherine of Aragon (the mother of the future queen Mary I), Anne Boleyn (the mother of the future queen Elizabeth I), Jane Seymour (the mother of Henry’s successor, Edward VI), Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr. , king of England (1509–47) presided over the beginnings of the English Renaissance and the English Reformation.
Everyone recognises his portrait: a fat, larger-than-life individual, wearing clothes set with jewels and sporting a neat red beard. This is Henry in later life: in his youth he was handsome and athletic, the most eligible prince in Europe. Henry was also a complex man: intelligent, boisterous, flamboyant, extravagant. Athletic, musical, a poet. Ruthless, arrogant, passionate. Henry’s driving desire for a male heir was to lead him to divorce two wives and have two wives beheaded: it led to religious revolution and the creation of the Church of England, the Dissolution of the Monasteries and the Reformation.
The decisions that Henry made during his reign were to shape modern Britain. Read here.
Wednesday, 25 September 2019
The Renaissance – that cultural, political, scientific and intellectual explosion in Europe between the 14th and 17th centuries – represents perhaps the most profoundly important period in human development since the fall of Ancient Rome. Read here.
The word renaissance literally means "rebirth." In the context of the English Renaissance, this rebirth refers to a renewal of learning, especially in terms of new beliefs and ways of doing things differently from the Middle Ages. Characteristics of the Renaissance include a renewed interest in classical antiquity; a rise in humanist philosophy (a belief in self, human worth, and individual dignity); and radical changes in ideas about religion, politics, and science.
The Elizabethan Age as part of the Renaissance period saw the development of Elizabethan poetry and drama as well as the stability and prosperity of England. The Queen supported development of art which contributed to the emergence and recognition of individuals such as William Shakespeare and Ben Johnson. She also supported exploration by sanctioning the voyage by Sir Francis Drake around the globe. Read more here and here.
Sunday, 22 September 2019
Monday, 2 September 2019
"September days have the warmth of summer in their briefer hours, but in their lengthening evenings a prophetic breath of autumn. The cricket chirps in the noontide, making the most of what remains of his brief life. The bumblebee is busy among the clover blossoms of the aftermath, and their shrill and dreamy hum hold the outdoor world above the voices of the song birds, now silent or departed."
Rowland E. Robinson
Friday, 30 August 2019
Mary Shelley was born on August 30, 1797, in London, England. She married poet Percy Bysshe Shelley in 1816. Two years later, she published her most famous novel, Frankenstein. She wrote several other books, including Valperga (1823), The Last Man (1826), the autobiographical Lodore (1835) and the posthumously published Mathilde. She died of brain cancer on February 1, 1851, in London, England. Read more here.
Saturday, 24 August 2019
Game of Thrones is an HBO series that tells the story of a medieval country's civil war. The series, which premiered in April 2011, is set on the fictional continents of Westeros and Essos in a world where seasons stretch on for years. When the story begins, a decade-long summer is ending, and winter looms as characters battle to claim the "Iron Throne," the seat of the king of the Seven Kingdoms, the regime that rules all but the northern tip of Westeros. In show parlance, "sit on the Iron Throne" is a metonym equivalent to "rule Westeros." Read more here.
Here you can watch this super-popular series.
Thursday, 1 August 2019
Wednesday, 31 July 2019
"A really remarkable picture of the reality, as well as the prosperity, of northern industrial life, and an interesting examination of changing social conscience".
Elizabeth Gaskell's compassionate, richly dramatic novel features one of the most original and fully-rounded female characters in Victorian fiction, Margaret Hale. It shows how, forced to move from the country to an industrial northern town, she develops a passionate sense of social justice, and a turbulent relationship with mill-owner John Thornton. North and South depicts a young woman discovering herself, in a nuanced portrayal of what divides people, and what brings them together. Read here.
Thursday, 18 July 2019
Today is the 202nd anniversary of English novelist Jane Austen's death. She died in Winchester on 18 July 1817. She was only 41.
She was one of the first writers to pitch for women’s education and emancipation. With the publications of Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814) and Emma (1816), she achieved success as a published writer. Her novels belong to the romantic genre, however, her heroines (Elizabeth Bennet, Emma) were shown to resist and reject patriarchy, ingrained in society. Oxford professor Helena Kelly said Jane Austen was not afraid to deal with touchy contemporary political and religious issues. That includes colonialism and the Church’s role in society, at a time (late 18th/early 19th century Britain) when they were not issues for public discussion, especially by a woman.
Read more here.
Read more here.
Wednesday, 17 July 2019
"The memory of the aged becomes clearer and clearer with time. It has no pity."
Andrea Camilleri, the Sicilian author behind the popular Inspector Montalbano television series, has died aged 93 this morning. His books won international acclaim and changed perceptions of Sicily. Read here.
Monday, 8 July 2019
On 8 July 1822, the English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley died in the Tyrrhenian Sea. He was sailing back from Livorno, where he had met with Leigh Hunt, who had come from England to help with the publication of a radical journal, "The Liberal", to which Byron was also going to contribute. It is likely that an unexpected storm took Shelley by surprise, together with his friend Edward Williams and a boatboy, none of whom were particularly experienced in navigation. When Shelley's body was washed ashore and found on the beach at Viareggio, it was cremated following a quarantine, and his ashes buried at the Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome. On his gravestone there is a Latin inscription "Cor Cordium", Heart of Hearts, and a passage from Ariel's song in The Tempest, a reference to the circumstances of his death:
"Nothing of him that doth fade,
But doth suffer a sea-change
Into something rich and strange."
Tuesday, 2 July 2019
Born on July 21, 1899, in Cicero (now in Oak Park), Illinois, Ernest Hemingway served in World War I and worked in journalism before publishing his story collection In Our Time. He was renowned for novels like The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls, and The Old Man and the Sea, which won the 1953 Pulitzer. In 1954, he won the Nobel Prize. He committed suicide on July 2, 1961, in Ketchum, Idaho.
Here you can find my previous post on Ernest Hemingway and his works.
Monday, 1 July 2019
Thursday, 20 June 2019
Today my students of 5^C Liceo Linguistico took a 6-hour test, it was their II Prova Scritta.
It consisted of a text analysis and a composition both in English and Spanish.
You can download it here, just in case you are curious!
Wednesday, 19 June 2019
This website is a resource for Virginia Woolf fans all over the world.
The goal of the Virginia Woolf Blog is to celebrate her life and work and give readers a clearer understanding of what she was really like. Using passages from her diaries, letters and various biographies, the blog aims to show readers the real Virginia Woolf, not the tragic figure many people see her as.
Friday, 7 June 2019
Tuesday, 4 June 2019
Thursday, 30 May 2019
"Absorbing, mysterious, of infinite richness, this life."
As Virginia Woolf commented, "In this book I have almost too many ideas. I want to give life and death, sanity and insanity; I want to criticize the social system, and to show it at work, at its most intense." Furthermore, she hoped to respond to the stagnant state of the novel, with a consciously "modern" novel. Many critics believe she succeeded. The novel was published in 1925, and received much acclaim.
Wednesday, 29 May 2019
Here you can revise Francis Scott Fitzgerald's most famous novel, an exemplary tale regarding the American Dream, which explores themes of decadence, idealism, resistance to change, social upheaval, and excess, creating a portrait of "the Jazz Age".
Francis Scott Fitzgerald coined the term "Jazz Age" to refer to the period more commonly known as the Roaring Twenties. Jazz is an American style of music marked by its complex and exuberant mix of rhythms and tonalities.
The Great Gatsby portrays a similarly complex mix of emotions and themes that reflect the turbulence of the times. Fresh off the nightmare of World War I, Americans were enjoying the fruits of an economic boom and a renewed sense of possibility. Yet in The Great Gatsby, Francis Scott Fitzgerald stresses the darker side of the Roaring Twenties, its undercurrent of corruption and its desperate, empty decadence. Read here.
Tuesday, 28 May 2019
Saturday, 25 May 2019
The British Empire was always about more than just ruling lands; it was a state of mind, a set of beliefs and ideals and a way of looking at the world and making sense of it. Therefore it is no surprise that it left its mark in literature and the arts and that we can use these as a way of tracing its impact and influence. Read here.
The Victorian period in British history marked the high point of British imperialism. Though the British policy of colonial expansion had begun earlier, during the nineteenth century Britain not only consolidated its existing empire, but also experienced an unprecedented expansion in its colonial possessions. Read here.
The origins of the post-colonial novel can be traced back to a period well before the post-war imperial retreat. Read here.
Here you can find a list of the
Saturday, 11 May 2019
George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair on 25 June 1903 in eastern India, the son of a British colonial civil servant. He was educated in England and, after he left Eton, joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma, then a British colony. He resigned in 1927 and decided to become a writer. In 1928, he moved to Paris where lack of success as a writer forced him into a series of menial jobs. He described his experiences in his first book, Down and Out in Paris and London, published in 1933. He took the name George Orwell, shortly before its publication. This was followed by his first novel, Burmese Days, in 1934.
An anarchist in the late 1920s, by the 1930s he had begun to consider himself a socialist. In 1936, he was commissioned to write an account of poverty among unemployed miners in northern England, which resulted in The Road to Wigan Pier (1937). Late in 1936, Orwell travelled to Spain to fight for the Republicans against Franco's Nationalists. He was forced to flee in fear of his life from Soviet-backed communists who were suppressing revolutionary socialist dissenters. The experience turned him into a lifelong anti-Stalinist.
Between 1941 and 1943, Orwell worked on propaganda for the BBC. In 1943, he became literary editor of the Tribune, a weekly left-wing magazine. By now he was a prolific journalist, writing articles, reviews and books.
In 1945, Orwell's Animal Farm was published. A political fable set in a farmyard but based on Stalin's betrayal of the Russian Revolution, it made Orwell's name and ensured he was financially comfortable for the first time in his life. Nineteen Eighty-Four was published four years later. Set in an imaginary totalitarian future, the book made a deep impression, with its title and many phrases - such as 'Big Brother is watching you', 'newspeak' and 'doublethink' - entering popular use. By now Orwell's health was deteriorating and he died of tuberculosis on 21 January 1950.
Friday, 3 May 2019
Wednesday, 1 May 2019
Wednesday, 24 April 2019
At just 16 years old, Greta Thunberg has started an international youth movement against climate change.
The Swedish teenager first staged a "School Strike for Climate" in front of the Swedish Parliament in August last year. She continued to gain international attention after speaking at the U.N. Climate Talks in Poland last December.
Tuesday, 23 April 2019
According to tradition, the great English dramatist and poet William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-on-Avon on April 23, 1564. It is impossible to be certain of the exact day on which he was born, but church records show that he was baptised on April 26, and three days was a customary amount of time to wait before baptising a newborn.
He died in Stratford-on-Avon on April 23, 1616; it is not clear how he died, and numerous suggestions have been put forward. In 1616, there was an outbreak of typhus (“The new fever”) which may have been the cause. The average life expectancy of someone born in London, England in the 16th century was about 35 years old, he died aged 52.
Thursday, 18 April 2019
Thursday, 28 March 2019
On 28 March 1941 Virginia Woolf died. She went with her pockets full of stones into the River Ouse.
"To look life in the face always, and to know it for what it is. At last to love it for what it is and then to put it away. Always the years between us. Always the love. Always the hours."